Present Perfect: Past action with present consequences

The Present Perfect Tense is used when an action completed in the past has a relation with the present.

I have lost my job. An action in the past, such as loosing a job affects the present: no job now.

Other ways to explain:

a past event that has present consequences

there is a connection with now

This topic has a very close relation with “recent action”, even it may be the same rule, click “Present Perfect: Recent Action” to compare.

Back to: Present Perfect Tense

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