We understand the Present Perfect Tense as “Conversational Past Tense”. The Past Simple Tense could be referred to as “Narrative Past Tense.”
It means that we use the Present Perfect in a conversation to talk about recent completed events.
Have you watched today’s video?
To narrate stories, tales etc, that had
events within the finished period of time in the past, we use Past
Simple. We can also use other tense forms but not the Present Perfect.
Weather we specify the finished period of time explicitly or implicitly, we don’t choose the Present Perfect.
The blotches ran well down the sides of his face and his hands had the deep-creased scars from handling heavy fish on the cords.
We have created a whole comprehensive course here: Present Perfect and Past Simple Compared